Cardiovascular diseases (CVDs) also called Heart diseases are a group of disorders of the heart and blood vessels. The numerous problems causing most of the CVD is atherosclerosis (blockages in coronary arteries), a process mainly governed by lifestyle factors. As per World Health Organization, It is estimated that 17.7 million people died from CVDs in 2015, representing 31% of all deaths taking place worldwide; more people die every year from CVDs than from any other cause. Cardiovascular diseases are showing an increase among the Indian population. CVDs form a significant share of 24% from the 53% of all the deaths attributed to non-communicable diseases (NCDs) in India, as per the nation-wise statistical estimate of the WHO on NCDs.
In older men, nearly all heart attacks are caused by atherosclerotic blockages in coronary arteries. Classical coronary artery disease (CAD) is also dominant amongst young adults. Around 60% of these younger adults are affected by CAD in a single coronary vessel, whereas the older adult patients are more prone to get affected by CVD in multiple arteries. The rate of coronary heart disease in young Indian men is almost twice as high as that in their western counterparts and there is evidence that Cardiovascular diseases (CVD) affect Indians at least 10 years earlier as compared to their counterparts in Europe. CVD stays the number-one danger to the health of women. There is a strong gender difference in CV-related death, with more affected women dying each year as compared to the affected men. The lifetime risk of a woman dying from heart disease is eight times more than that of breast cancer. Also, People with diabetes, particularly type 2 diabetes, may have the following conditions like Hypertension, cholesterol, poor sugar levels etc. that contribute to their risk for developing cardiovascular disease.
Listen to Dr. Nimit Shah as he takes the time to explain the various causes of heart attacks in the country and the different treatments available for the same.
Listen to Dr. Nimit Shah, Interventional Cardiologist in the UK, Dr. Nimit Shah talks about the various risks and benefits of angioplasty, the different kinds of angioplasty procedures, and the different kinds of drug stents available in the country for the same.
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