Haemorrhoids, usually known as piles, are caused due to swollen veins around the anus or in the lower rectum. They are commonly caused by straining while having a bowel movement, pregnancy, colon cancer, constipation, or chronic diarrhoea. In most of the cases, piles resolve on their own by simple lifestyle modifications. But the patients who are distressed due to large, swollen and prolapsed piles may have to be treated with surgery. It often doesn’t cause any major obstacles, however, if they do cause any bleeding or unpleasant pain, it’s time to seek proper medical care. Sometimes people have piles but the symptoms are not always obvious. Piles is most common among adults aged 45 to 65 but this does not mean that young people and children cannot get them. Women are more likely to get them during pregnancy.
Since Piles are usually small in size, it can be examined only by doctors. The size of piles can differ from person to person, and they may be internal or external. The signs and symptoms range from bleeding, inability to control stool passage, itching and inflammation, etc. Accordingly, the treatment of Piles ranges from OTC medicines to surgery – depending upon the severity of the condition. However, if one faces any of these symptoms, it is better to visit a doctor at an early stage before the condition worsens. Because the earlier it is detected and cured, the easier it is to get rid of Piles. Therefore, a good and healthy lifestyle is important to avoid not only Piles but also many other diseases. The best way to avoid Piles is to drink a lot of water, include fibre in your diet, exercise regularly to maintain a healthy bowel movement, etc. These are simple steps that can be taken to reduce the chances of developing Piles.