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Grocery stores are one of the only few places where we are allowed to go during the lockdown. Though this news manages to put a smile on your face every time but somewhere also raises a question that are you unintentionally putting yourselves and your families at risk after a round- trip to the grocery shop? Honestly, there’s nothing much that you can do about this because we all need to eat food to live and no matter how risky it gets someone from our families will have to step out and do it.

With WHO clearly stating that there are high chances of the virus surviving on the surfaces for few days and can be transmitted through the same, it becomes even more crucial to understand the need of the hour. The earlier you accept the fact that it is going be crowded every time you visit a grocery store the better it is. People are going to sweep the supermarket shelves irrespective of what the government says on the availability of the essential items and hence it makes it even more important for you to follow every precautionary measure whenever you are out for a grocery shopping.

Below are a few safety tips that you can follow when you step out of the house next time to buy groceries:

1) Maintain at least six-feet distance from other customers.

2) Don’t shake hands or have any form of physical contact with the customers or the shopkeeper.

3) Wipe the carts or basket handles with disinfectant wipes.

4) Avoid touching your face.

5) Always keep your face mask worn.

6) Carry your hand sanitizer and use it while waiting at the counter and after leaving the store.

7) Avoid going to the store if you are sick.

8) Wash your hands after unpacking the items.

9) If possible, prefer home delivery of groceries with proper precaution.

10) Rinse fruits and vegetables with warm water and baking soda before using them.

The mere thought of getting a cardiac arrest can make your heart beat faster for a moment. But today, even if a heart attack is a perilous event, there are many ways to circumvent the same.

Angioplasty or stenting can be a lifesaver option, mainly when performed right after a heart attack. Putting in a stent helps prevent the narrowing of arteries, which improves your blood flow and prevents further damage to your heart. Once patients are diagnosed with coronary artery disease many of them undergo angioplasty, because for two reasons: a doctor suggests it because of its high success rate and less invasive technique, and secondly, it improves the lifestyle significantly by reducing the risk of getting another heart attack.

Now, let us go deeper into understanding what these stents are and how can they help reduce further problems.

Stents are tiny mesh tubes inserted to keep arteries open post angioplasty. The coronary arteries are responsible for carrying blood and oxygen to heart muscle cells. A heart attack often occurs when plaque breaks open and causes the formation of a blood clot in a partially clogged artery, blocking the blood flow. This is when stenting comes in and is used and can be a lifesaver option. Stents come in various forms but DES (Drug Eluting Stent) is the most commonly used ones during Angioplasty worldwide.

After implantation, DES releases a drug from its outer coating to help in preventing blockage at the particular site. Hence, DES are preferred over BMS (Bare Metal Stent) for the majority of the patients as they prevent recurring blockages in the arteries.  Also, the recent DES are termed to be at least as safe as BMS. However, there are chances blood vessels could again get blocked after stent placement. In the case of BMS, post-implantation as the vessel heals, tissue begins to grow around the stent but in some cases, the scar tissue overgrowth can lead to re-blockage of the vessel. A DES implantation can avoid this from happening as it prevents scar tissue formation thus maintaining proper blood flow. But, you will require to regularly take blood-thinning medicines to avoid blood clot formation in the stent and prevent the blood vessel from getting blocked again. There are various DES & BMS brands available and they come with their own set of benefits and a cardiologist may suggest one to you based on the requirement.

In other words, Drug-Eluting Stent is effective and can reduce the chances of future heart attacks to some extent. But, remember that stenting can be a life-saver option only if you continue with suggested medication and lifestyle modification like eating healthy food, regular exercise, etc. that your doctor has advised you to follow post the angioplasty.

Want to adopt a heart-healthy diet post angioplasty, but aren’t sure where to start?
One way to begin is by giving a complete makeover to your current diet plan. Focus on making meal plans that emphasize vegetables, fruits and other necessary products with an adequate amount of proteins, carbohydrates and other nutrients. We know, that the main question here is about what exactly to consume and what to avoid post implanting a stent as you may not be that well versed with every food category and ingredients benefiting a person. Hence, we have stated below foods to intake and to avoid after implanting a stent.

Firstly, it is very important that you consult a doctor before jumping onto conclusions and making your diet plans, especially after angioplasty. It is important to understand that each one of us is built differently and one particular diet plan isn’t going to work for all of us. And, hence we believe that even minor differences in your diet post angioplasty can make a huge difference to your heart health. Now, let us read more about it.

  • Consume more whole-grain foods every day: Eating whole grains is associated with various benefits, including a lower risk of diabetes, heart disease, and high blood pressure. They are rich in nutrients, minerals, fibers, antioxidants and has also proven to reduce the risk of a heart attack.
  • Eat more quantities and varieties of fruits and vegetables: People who eat more vegetables and fruits as part of an overall healthy diet are likely to have a reduced risk of some chronic diseases like stroke, cancer, diabetes, influenza or any respiratory disease. They provide nutrients vital for health and maintenance of your body.
  • Reduce salt and sugar intake: Salt and sugar are needed for health. However, we require very little of it to survive. While salt is essential for the transmission of nerve impulses and normal cell function, sugar is a real source of energy with glucose being the most important of all. But, due to rapid urbanization and changing lifestyles, dietary patterns have seen a major shift and processed foods are being consumed more which is indirectly increasing the risk of heart diseases and strokes due to the high amount of salt and sugar content in it. And, for a person who has just undergone Angioplasty, it becomes highly important to maintain a healthy balance of salt and sugar to avoid any further heart illnesses.
  • Cut down on the consumption of fatty foods, rich in LDL, trans fats and saturated fats: Eliminate fatty meats like pork, lamb or fried items, butter, or coconut oil from your diet. There are two main types of potentially harmful dietary fats, trans fat and saturated fat. These types come mainly from animal sources of food, such as red meat, poultry and full-fat dairy products especially whole milk. They raise high-density lipoprotein (HDL or “good”) cholesterol and low-density lipoprotein (LDL or “bad”) cholesterol levels, which may increase your risk of cardiovascular disease.
  • Include good fats in your diet: Dietary fats are important for your body as it is responsible for supplying energy and to support cell growth. They also help in protecting your organs and help in absorbing nutrients and produce important hormones. The simplest way to differentiate good and bad fats is, good fats remain in liquid form at room temperature. Monounsaturated fats and polyunsaturated fats are known as “good fats” because they are good for your heart, cholesterol, and overall health. Some of these sources are nuts, olives, flax seeds, fish oils, etc. Bad fats are of two types, Saturated fat and Trans fat and these have been identified as potentially harmful to your health. Most of the foods that contain these types of fats are solid at room temperatures, such as butter, coconut/palm oil, margarine, beef or pork fat, etc.
  • Fish and lean meat are good options for individuals taking non-vegetarian meals: Lean meats and fish have relatively low-fat content and have high amounts of protein. Protein is an essential part of a balanced diet. Beyond protein’s essential roles in building and maintaining muscle and tissues in your body and helping regulate many body processes, it also promotes satiety fullness and may help in managing your weight.
  • Avoid consumption of red meat: Red meats (beef, pork and lamb) have more saturated (bad) fat than chicken, fish and vegetable proteins such as beans. Saturated and trans fats can raise blood cholesterol and make heart diseases worse.

Finally, remember that a healthy diet is a mixture of all foods you eat and not only power foods that you think are filled with necessary nutrients. Having the right mix of everything (protein, fats, carbohydrates and other nutrients) after Angioplasty is always regarded as healthy. So, speak to your cardiologist, get expert advice on it and work towards building meals that are aimed towards a better and faster recovery.

Have you ever thought about why you often fall sick? Do you think it’s the climate change or overexertion that makes you feel weak and eventually fall sick? You may be right but you wouldn’t want to play the blame game every time because not everyone whom you know is falling sick that often but it’s only you. So, how do we go about it and change this phenomenon of your body?

Firstly, it is important to know the defense system of our body before jumping on to activities strengthening it. Our immune system is a host defense system comprising many biological structures and processes within the body that protects against disease and potential health hazards.  When functioning properly, the immune system can identify multiple threats like viruses, bacteria and parasites and works towards distinguishing them from the body’s healthy tissue. As long as your immune system is running efficiently, you don’t notice that it’s doing the job, however, the moment it stops working properly or becomes weak to fight harmful substances, you get ill.

Hence, it becomes very crucial for you to follow measures that can boost your immunity system. Because healthier the immunity system, healthier are you. We have listed below a few tips that can play a vital role in boosting your overall immunity. Take a look and incorporate those in your lifestyle to stay healthy and fit.

Hip pain is not normal and can cause serious trouble if not treated wisely. Any discomfort or painful sensation near the thighbone or pelvic girdle can be termed as hip pain. The hip joint is a ball and socket synovial joint that is responsible for providing a wide range of motion for the lower torso. It is because of the hip joint one can stand, walk, dance or lift. It is also considered as one of the most important joint when it comes to stability. However, as the person ages, the joint may undergo wear and tear.

Though hip pain to an extent can be treated with medication, injections and physical therapy, hip replacement surgery is the safest and the best option to treat hip-related problems when nothing else finds success in relieving the pain. A hip replacement could be recommended to any patient, in case they are suffering from chronic hip pain which is hindering their daily activities and other non-invasive methods of pain reduction have proved to be ineffective or are no longer effective to improve their condition. A patient with symptoms of severe hip arthritis, including as stated below, could be suggested to go for Hip replacement surgery.

1) Hip pain: An aching hip can make any patient’s life miserable. The most vital factor in selecting to have a hip replacement is quantifying the extent to which pain is affecting a patient. Pain that leads to interference in performing daily activities, even not letting anyone have a sound sleep, and is restricted between hip and knee could indicate arthritis of the hip. Some patients need the support of a cane or are also seen limping. A set of such patients regularly rely on pain-killer consumption to deal with their pain. In such cases, doctors usually suggest a patient with a replacement surgery to get long-lasting relief.

2) Stiffness: Difficulty in performing certain normal activities like doing weight training, cycling or even bending down for picking basic objects

3) Sprain: A sprain in a muscle occurs when the ligament is stretched than the usual limit causing the area to swell. A sprain can be caused by any sudden fall, twist, and turn of the muscle groups/joints.

 4) Difficulty in weight-bearing: In case a patient is not able to stand on his/her paining leg even for a minute with support, it indicates that their hip’s condition is very bad and they need a total hip replacement surgery.

5) Muscle stress: When the body is stressed, muscles tense up. Muscle tension is the body’s way of guarding against injury and pain. For e.g when you sit in one position for some time, you may end up making them stressed. This causes a change in the body’s nervous system by contracting blood vessels and reducing blow flow.

6) Fractures. A hip fracture is a fracture of the upper region of the femur or the thighbone. Fractures lead to swelling, difficulty in walking, sitting, etc causing severe pain.

Also, if the patient is suffering from Osteoarthritis or Osteoporosis, they can be advised to undergo a Total Hip Replacement. With Osteoarthritis, the joints become stiff and swollen due to inflammation and a breakdown of cartilage, causing pain and deformity are observed. Talking about Osteoporosis, it is a bone disease that occurs when the body loses too much bone, makes too little bone, or both.

So, in case you are experiencing severe pain with no sign of pain killers bailing you out of the dreadful situation, a hip replacement surgery then can be regarded as the best treatment option. Remember that the surgery option should only be considered when all other conservative treatment options have failed to provide relief from continuous hip pain and restricted mobility.

Also, remember that whatever the cause is, hip pain is more common as you grow older. And over time, your joint will see a lot of wear and tear. So make sure you are taking adequate care of the joints by eating healthy and doing the right exercises to keep your bone health at its best.